Zhou Tiehai. Man Ray, Meret Oppenheim, 2006. Acrylic airbrush on canvas, 78.7 x 59.1 in. (200 x 150 cm.)
Born in Shangai in 1966, works and lives in Shanghai
Zhou Tiehai’s conceptual projects represent the artist’s vengeful attitude towards the self-absorbed art market. His work’s power to amaze and provoke is the result of a host of strategies that mix antagonism with sincerity. The key ingredients that drive Zhou Tiehai’s unsettling yet amusing practice include appropriating classical imagery, generating ironic projections, proclaiming laconic yet heartfelt discourse, and actively subverting painterly craft. He takes on the role of both artist and patron as many of his airbrush paintings are rendered by assistants under his supervision. He permits himself to ‘play’ with art’s historical baggage by making paintings that are simultaneously self-aware and self-abnegating, virtuosic and pop culture are both present within a single canvas. He manipulates acclaimed magazine covers for his own purposes and articulates the notion of ‘artistic agency’ within current conditions of the art world and global economy. He makes self-promotional images that subvert the establishment notion of how artists should look and behave.
In the “Placebo” and “Ego”(2006) series, Zhou Tiehai ironically replaces his subject’s faces with a camel’s head. He chooses canonical portraits by da Vinci, Goya, and Ingres as well as contemporary stars like Jeff Koons, Richard Prince, and Maurizio Cattelan as his models. Here too, the airbrush technique subverts the ‘genius’ brushstroke that is the ‘inspired’ individual signature of the classical master. A placebo is a substitute drug. It is an inert substance administered to stimulate the patient’s psychosomatically induced curative effect. The constructed and appropriated imagery of Zhou Tiehai’s praxis thus functions as a ‘real’ placebo. He makes critical art, but not in the conventional understanding of the term. While his works display a narrative that draws on contemporary topics, the mechanisms of artistic reception, and the market, he strategically refrains from making any clear value judgments.